Review and Compliance

Archeology is the study of past human societies by their material remains (e.g. Native American ceramics, stone tools, sub-surface features, and artifacts and features dating to the historic period). At the Arkansas Historic Preservation Program (AHPP), this is done in a number of ways. Archeology is often involved in Section 106 review undertakings to identify, evaluate, and mitigate adverse effect on archeological sites. (View frequently asked questions about the Section 106 review process.) The AHPP also provides technical assistance to federal and state agencies, city and county governments, Native Americans, archeologists, and other organizations. The AHPP coordinates the permit system to enable the legal excavation of human remains by qualified archeologists. Additionally, AHPP archeologists review National Register nominations on archeological sites and, in the future, plan to prepare some nominations in-house. In other areas, the AHPP conducts Section 106 review workshops on archeology and historic preservation law, as well as educational outreach programs on archeology for children and adults. AHPP archeologists occasionally do archeological surveys. In the past, the AHPP has investigated Native American rock art sites, prehistoric Novaculite quarries in the Ouachita Mountains, and Confederate saltpeter mining operations in Arkansas caves. The AHPP plans to publish popular reports on archeology generated from Section 106 reviews and other archeological research funded by the agency.