Historic Site Survey Priorities-AHPP

(Revised, 2001)

1)Sites, standing structures and historic districts of significance that fall within the period of Arkansas's antebellum history (10,000 BC to 1865).

Included in this priority are such cultural resources as prehistoric and historic archeological sites (especially Paleo-Indian sties, aboriginal and Euro-American sites, and early exploration Spanish and French contact sites); standing structures associated with early plantations in the eastern and southern sections of the state; the commercial, residential, institutional and industrial buildings that were important to the small, localized economies that prevailed in the state's mountainous western and northern sections prior to the arrival of the railroad; and structures associated with the state's minority groups.

2) Intact architectural and archeological districts of all styles and types, 1866-1955.

The historic fabric required to justify the establishment of a National Register historic district has disappeared in many communities already, so the identification and registration of those that remain is thus of paramount importance. Districts of particular importance are those historically associated with the introduction and expansion of river and railroad transportation that was instrumental in the growth and settlement of the state, those associated with the development and expansion of agricultural practices in Arkansas, and those that represent the modest yet ambitious commercial development that characterized many of the small downtowns throughout Arkansas.

3) Individual resources associated with minority culture and occupation within the state, 1866-1955. These resources remain underrepresented on the state's National Register rolls, and are moved to a higher priority level.

4) Individual vernacular buildings constructed during the period 1866-1955 and the surrounding sites that tend to be associated with them.

Included under this priority are structures constructed from a variety of materials - wood, brick and stone - including such typically vernacular residences as the dog-trot, the saddlebag, the shotgun and the I-house, as well as the vernacular interpretations of such building types as schools, churches, and commercial and industrial buildings. Also included would be intact archeological deposits associated with such resources.

5) Resources associated with the development of agriculture within the state of Arkansas, 1866-1955.

Included under this priority are structures such as gins, barns, agricultural outbuildings, silos, large agri-industrial structures, as well as intact historic landscapes associated with agricultural endeavors, large-scale and small. Also included would be intact archeological deposits associated with such resources. These types of resources were not included in the previous list of priorities, despite the importance of agriculture in Arkansas's development.

6) Individual buildings and sites directly associated with the commercial activities of Arkansas communities, 1866-1955.

Included under this priority are individual structures, both vernacular and high style, that played a role in the commercial development of the state. Also included would be intact archeological deposits associated with such resources. These types of resources were not included in the previous list of priorities.


7) Individual buildings and sites directly associated with the growth and expansion of the navigable inland waterways, railroads and overland highways in Arkansas, 1866-1955.

Examples include railroad depots and railroad-associated structures, warehouses, wharves, ferry sites, gas stations, tourist courts, motels and such associated structures as hotels and livery stables; also included would be intact archeological deposits associated with such resources. This category is afforded a lower priority level than ten years ago because of the extensive survey and National Register work conducted with this type of property during the 1990s.

8) Churches, schools, and government institutional buildings (and any intact archeological deposits associated with such resources) constructed between 1866-1955.

9) High-style buildings of all building types (and particularly those designed by Arkansas architects), 1866-1955