Calf Creek Site

Calf Creek SiteRestricted - Searcy
Location Restricted
Listed in National Register of Historic Places on 6/29/76

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ELABORATION

The Calf Creek site is one of the richest archeological sites presently known on the terraces of the Buffalo River. Many projectile points indicating Late Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian period occupations have been found there on the surface. The great quantity of mussel shell on the surface, indicating heavy use of the river's resources, is unusual for an open terrace site in this area. Particularly important is the relatively large number of Woodland period sherds which have been found there. At least one meter of rich black midden deposit can be observed in eroded areas at the edges of the site -- also unusual for this area along the Buffalo, and indicative of long and heavy occupation probably by people living in a concentrated village. There is good reason to suppose that the depth of the cultural deposit is much deeper than is presently known. There have been lithic tools found on the surface which indicate earlier than Woodland occupation, probably by hunters and gatherers inhabiting this mountain environment which was undoubtedly rich in food resources.

Although there are other open terrace prehistoric sites known along the Buffalo River, a complete survey of the area has never been made. Nevertheless it is felt that, given the information provided by local collectors of artifacts, this site may be unique. Since it is in an area scheduled to be developed by the Park Service, it is felt that excavation of at least a portion of this site would be extremely important to an understanding of the prehistoric cultures of the Buffalo River. Once this information has been obtained, it will provide excellent material for interpretive exhibits to those visitors to the Buffalo National River.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Archeeological Inventory of the Buffalo National River, by Daniel Wolfram, Report submitted to the National Park Service, Southwest Region, July 1974, by the Arkansas Archeological Survey.


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